Football Stadium is a term used mainly in the United States and Canada, to refer to a sports stadium either purpose built or fundamentally redesigned for soccer and whose primary function is to host soccer matches, as opposed to a multipurpose stadium which is for a variety of sports.
A soccer-specific stadium may host other sporting events (such as lacrosse, American football and rugby) and concerts, but the design and purpose of an soccer-specific stadium is primarily for soccer.
Some facilities (for example Toyota Park, Toyota Stadium and Columbus Crew Stadium) have a permanent stage at one end of the stadium used for staging concerts.
A soccer-specific stadium typically has amenities, dimensions and scale suitable for soccer in North America, including a scoreboard, video screen, luxury suites and possibly even a roof.
The field dimensions are within the range found optimal by FIFA: long by wide, These soccer field dimensions are wider than the regulation American football field width of , or the width of a Canadian football field.
Lastly, the seating capacity is generally small enough to provide an intimate setting, between 18,000 – 30,000 for a Major League Soccer franchise, or smaller for minor league soccer teams.
This is in comparison to the much larger American football stadiums that mostly range between 60,000 – 80,000 in which the original North American Soccer League teams played at and most MLS teams participated in during the league’s inception.
The term “football-specific stadium” is sometimes used in countries where the sport is known as football rather than soccer, although the term is not common in countries where football is the dominant sport and thus football-specific stadiums are quite common.
The term tends to have a slightly different meaning in these countries, usually referring to a stadium without an athletics track surrounding the pitch.
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